India Fact Book

Social research blog on people, poverty, government, economy, social conflcits, military, terrorism and human rights issues

Armed Conflicts in India

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Almost every state has separatist movements, many of them armed. A large number of Muslims were killed in the past few years across the country and the numbers are on a steady rise. On top of that India has become a paraya for its neighbours. None of its neighbours appreciate their closeness to India and they all blame it for meddling in their affairs.

63 per cent of India’s new budget will go to the military, police, administration and debt service (2008-09). The military might of centric Hindu elites in Delhi isolated people of Jammu & Kashmir and the northeastern states. It is difficult for any community to feel part of a larger country when the armed forces of the country are deployed to silence them.

According to an Indian official report , 165 of India’s 602 districts — mostly in states like Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh — are “badly affected” by tribal and dalit violence, which government termed as “Maoist terror”. India’s military spending was recorded at US $21.7 billion in 2006 and it planned to spend $26.5 billion during 2008/09 financial year. 85 percent of the Army’s budget is spent on the enormous manpower of 1,316,000, which is the fourth largest in the world.

In 2005, Business Week reported that India became Israel’s largest importer of weapons, accounting for about half of the $3.6 billion worth of weapons exported by the Jewish state.

“Do remember that 34 years ago, NSG was created by Americans. Hence it has been their onus to convince the group to grant the waiver to India to carry out the multi-billion dollar business as India is a large market,”  says  former Atomic Energy Commission chairman, Mr P K Iyengar.

The annual Land mine Monitor Report for 2007 has stated that while an estimated four to five million anti personnel mines exist in India (sixth largest stockpile in the world). At least 160 square kilometers land in Jammu region and 1,730 square kilometers land in Kashmir region remained contaminated with mines.  Between 1989 and 1999 there were 10,709 causalties in Jammu and Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh.  In the villages of Mendhar region of Poonch district 2000 landmines were recorded.  In 2006, the report said at least 524 new causalities were reported where 311 people were killed and 213 injured. In 2007, so far 14 causalities have been reported by the local NGOs.

Written by Cyber Gandhi

November 1, 2009 at 5:55 am

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