In 2006, India received the highest amount of remittance globally from migrants, 27 $Billion. Around 20$ billion of this came from the Gulf expatriate workforce. Together, GCC countries are the largest trading partner of India and home of 5 million of Indian workforce. Indian government expects overseas Indians to pump in about US$500 billion into the FOREX reserves of the country in the next 10 years, making them the single largest source of foreign receipts.
With a total of $45 billion, India was the top recipient of remittances in 2008.
- About 5 million Indians were living in the gulf countries in 2008, 70 percent of them in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia. Although most Indians in the gulf hold unskilled or semiskilled jobs, the High Level Committee on the Indian Diaspora estimates that 20 percent are white-collar workers and another 10 percent belong to the professional category.
- The annual number of semi- or unskilled Indian workers going to the gulf countries quadrupled between 1999 and 2007, from about 160,000 to 777,00. Those going to the gulf countries in 2007 made up 96 percent of all workers requiring an emigration clearance check. It made Gulf bound workers as the prime target of corruption by customs and emigration officials in India.
- Ethnic Indian community in America has grown to 2.5 million in 2007. Of almost 400,000 Overseas Citizenship of India cards issued by the Indian government as of March 2009, 43 per cent came through Indian consulates in the US and 13 per cent in the UK.
- Indian citizens accounted for 5.7 per cent of all persons obtaining lawful permanent resident status in 2008. The latest statistics from US Department of Homeland Security shows that the numbers of Indian illegal migrants jumped 125% since 2000
- In 2007, India received one-third or 158,000 of all H-1B visas (including new visas and renewals). The second largest number went to Canadian citizens, accounting for 26,000 visas only.
- 15,125 Indians granted UK citizenship in 2006
- Ethnic Indians enjoyed more political representation in Malaysia and Fiji and have held high-level government positions in Singapore.
- In 2004, 8.4 percent (293,000) of Singapore’s population reported Indian ethnicity. Singapore’s current president is an ethnic Indian.
- Ethnic Indians in Malaysia numbered 1.8 million, one cabinet minister and three members of parliament are ethinic Indians.
- Mor than 98 percent of the 300,000 Fiji-born ethnic Indians accepted Fijian citizenship . The ethnic Indian population in Fiji has decreased over two decades: in 2007 there were 313,800 Indian Fijians, or 37.5 percent of the population. Seven cabinet members and 27 parliamentarians in Fiji are of Indian descent.
- Ethinic Indians constitute around 40 percent of the population in Fiji, Trinidad, Guyana, and Suriname. They make up 70 percent of the inhabitants of Mauritius.
- n Mauritius, where 70% of the population is of Indian descent, the prime minister has been an ethnic Indian except for between 2003 & 2005
- Australia and New Zealand have become important destination countries for Indians. Australia had 147,101. In New Zealand, the Indian-born population nearly doubled from 6,500 in 1986 to 12,800 in 1996, more than tripling by the 2006 census to 43,300 (4.9 percent of all immigrants). 3.3 % Australian immigrants are Indians. It is the third-largest group from Asia, after the foreign born from China and Vietnam.
- Canada was home to 443,690 Indian foreign born, or 7.2 percent of all immigrants. The ethnic Indian community of 963,000 includes those born in Canada, as well as in East Africa, Guyana, Fiji, and Trinidad ( 2006 census)
- In Canada, eight ethnic Indians — all of them Sikhs — were elected to the House of Commons in October 2008
- Currently, six elected Members of the British Parliament and eight Members in the House of Lords are of Indian descent.
- In Germany, two ethnic Indians are elected representatives in the central parliament, as is one India-born person in New Zealand
Nearly three million people in Africa are of Indian ancestry, and the top three countries having the largest population of Indians are South Africa, Mauritius and the Reunion islands. They also have sizeable presence in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania in the east and Nigeria in the west.